British Models of Person Centered Medicine

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Mohammed T Abou-Saleh


Background: The National Health Service (NHS) was established in 1948 as a publicly funded healthcare system in the UK providing universal health coverage that is comprehensive, equitable and free at the point of delivery. The British experience of person centered medicine (PCM) is enshrined in the NHS constitution.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to highlight important developments in and evolution of PCM within the NHS in person-centered care (PCC), research and innovations in undergraduate and graduate health education.
Methods: This is a narrative overview of the British experience of PCM.
Results: It is evident that the British experience and practice of PCM have evolved naturistically over seven decades since the establishment of the NHS. Academic research groups in collaboration with the NHS have introduced person-centered models of care supported by pivotal research in practice. Importantly, person-centered nursing has been widely adopted following the early development of a framework for person-centered nursing and its extensive evaluation. There emerged many initiatives on PCM by National Voices, the Health Foundation, British medical schools and the Royal Medical Colleges. The landmark development was the production by the Royal College of Psychiatrists in the UK of the first blueprint for a postgraduate psychiatric curriculum that is in tune with person-centered psychiatry.
Conclusions: It is envisaged that the NHS will evolve and increasingly promote, adopt, codesign and implement PCC approaches adapted to the local, regional and national contexts including services redesign, health education and applied health research. These innovations contribute to the universal development of person-centered healthcare and health education.

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