Main Article Content
. Kohn, L.T., Corrigan, J.M. & Donaldson, M.S. (1999). To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
. Leape, L.L., Brennan, T.A., Laird, N., Lawthers, A.G., Localio, A.R., Barnes, B.A., Hebert, L., Newhouse, J.P., Weiler, P.C. & Hiatt, H. (1991). The nature of adverse events in hospitalized patients. Results of the Harvard Medical Practice Study II. New England Journal of Medicine 324 (6), 377-384.
. Baker, G.R., Norton, P.G., Flintoft, V., Blais, R., Brown, A., Cox, J., Etchells, E., Ghali, W.A., Hebert, P., Majumar, S.R., O’Beirne, M., Palacios-Derflingher, L., Reid, R.J., Sheps, S. & Tamblyn, R. (2004). The Canadian Adverse Events Study: the incidence of adverse events among hospital patients in Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal 170 (11), 1678-1686.
. Zhan, C. & Miller, M.R. (2003). Excess length of stay, charges, and mortality attributable to medical injuries during hospitalization. Journal of the American Medical Association 290 (14), 1868-1874.
. Rothschild, J.M., Landrigan, C.P., Cronin, J.W., Kaushal, R., Lockley, S.W., Burdick, E., Stone, P.H., Lilly, C.M., Katz, J.T., Czeisler, C.A. & Bates, D.W. (2005). The Critical Care Safety Study: The incidence and nature of adverse events and serious medical errors in intensive care. Critical Care Medicine 33 (8), 1694-1700.
. Kalish, R,L,, Daley, J., Duncan, C.C., Davis, R.B., Coffman, G.A. & Iezzoni, L.I. (1995). Costs of potential complications of care for major surgery patients. American Journal of Medical Quality 10 (1), 48-54.
. Classen, D.C., Pestotnik, S.L., Evans, R.S., Lloyd, J.F. & Burke, J.P. (1997). Adverse drug events in hospitalized patients. Excess length of stay, extra costs, and attributable mortality. Journal of the American Medical Association 277 (4), 301-306.
. Bates, D.W., Spell, N., Cullen, D.J., Burdick, E., Laird, N., Petersen, L.A., Small, S.D., Sweitzer, B.J. & Leape, L.L. (1997). The costs of adverse drug events in hospitalized patients. Adverse Drug Events Prevention Study Group. Journal of the American Medical Association 277 (4), 307-311.
. West, C.P., Tan, A.D., Habermann, T.M., Sloan, J.A. & Shanafelt, T.D. (2009). Association of resident fatigue and distress with perceived medical errors. Journal of the American Medical Association 302 (12), 1294-1300.
. West, C.P., Huschka, M.M., Novotny, P.J., Sloan, J.A., Kolars, J.C., Habermann, T.M. & Shanafelt, T.D. (2006). Association of perceived medical errors with resident distress and empathy: a prospective longitudinal study. Journal of the American Medical Association 296 (9), 1071-1078.
. Fahrenkopf, A.M., Sectish, T.C., Barger, L.K., Sharek, P.J., Lewin, D., Chiang, V.W., Edwards, S., Wiedermann, B.L. & Landrigan, C.P. (2008). Rates of medication errors among depressed and burnt out residents: prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal 336 (7642), 488-491.
. Lynch, W. (1974). Images of Hope: Imagination as Healer of the Hopeless. London, UK: University of Notre Dame Press.
. Dufault, K. & Martocchio, B.C. (1985). Symposium on compassionate care and the dying experience. Hope: its spheres and dimensions. Nursing Clinics of North America 20 (2), 379-391.
. Chi, G.C. (2007). The role of hope in patients with cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum. 34 (2), 415-424.
. McClement, S.E. & Chochinov, H.M. (2008). Hope in advanced cancer patients. European Journal of Cancer 44 (8), 1169-1174.
. Sand, L., Olsson, M. & Strang, P. (2009). Coping strategies in the presence of one's own impending death from cancer. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 37 (1), 13-22.
. Thomas, N.K. (2004). Resident burnout. Journal of the American Medical Association 292 (23), 2880-2889.
. Tao, M. & Kubo, M. (1996). Theory and Researches of Burnout. Tokyo: Seishin Shobo.
. Kataoka, M., Ozawa, K., Ichie, K. & Iwamitsu, Y. (2008). The relationship between burnout, individual parameters, teaching aptitude and job satisfaction among research associates in colleges of nursing. Japanese Society of Nursing Research 31, 67-74.
. Kubo, M. (2004). Psychology of Burnout. Tokyo: Saiensu sha.
. Kubo, M. (2007). The Factorial and Construct Validity of the Japanese Burnout Scale. The Journal of Science of Labor 83, 39-53.
. Matsuda, S. (1997). The validity Japanese-translated Maslach Burnout Inventory. The Japanese Journal of Health Psychology 10, 44-53.
. Ueno, T. & Yamamoto, Y. (1996). The preventive effects of social support on burnout among nurses: the relations between burnout and the number of social supports, satisfaction with supports and support resources. The Japanese Journal of Health Psychology 9, 9-20.
. Moller Leimkuhler, A.M., Heller, J. & Paulus, N.C. (2007). Subjective well-being and 'male depression' in male adolescents. Journal of Affective Disorders 98 (1-2), 65-72.
. Henkel, V., Mergl, R., Kohnen, R., Allgaier, A.K., Moller, H.J. & Hegerl, U. (2004). Use of brief depression screening tools in primary care: consideration of heterogeneity in performance in different patient groups. General Hospital Psychiatry 26 (3),190-198.
. Henkel, V., Mergl, R., Kohnen, R., Maier, W., Moller, H.J. & Hegerl, U. (2003). Identifying depression in primary care: a comparison of different methods in a prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal 326 (7382), 200-201.
. Awata, S., Bech, P., Yoshida, S., Hirai, M., Suzuki, S., Yamashita, M., Ohara, A., Hinokio, Y., Matsuoka, H. & Oka, Y. (2007). Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index in the context of detecting depression in diabetic patients. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 61 (1), 112-119.
. Bech, P., Olsen, L.R., Kjoller, M. & Rasmussen, N.K. (2003). Measuring well-being rather than the absence of distress symptoms: a comparison of the SF-36 Mental Health subscale and the WHO-Five Well-Being Scale. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 12 (2), 85-91.
. Herth, K. (1991). Development and refinement of an instrument to measure hope. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice. 5 (1), 39-51.
. Herth, K. (1992). Abbreviated instrument to measure hope: development and psychometric evaluation. Journal of Advanced Nursing 17 (10), 1251-1259.
. Chen, M.L. (2003). Pain and hope in patients with cancer: a role for cognition. Cancer Nursing 26 (1), 61-67.
. Lin, C.C., Lai, Y.L. & Ward, S.E. (2003). Effect of cancer pain on performance status, mood states, and level of hope among Taiwanese cancer patients. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 25 (1), 29-37.
. Wonghongkul, T., Moore, S.M., Musil, C., Schneider, S. & Deimling, G. (2000). The influence of uncertainty in illness, stress appraisal, and hope on coping in survivors of breast cancer. Cancer Nursing 23 (6), 422-429.
. Koizumi, M., Ito, M. & Miyamoto, M. (1999). Hope in youth nursing students and older adults. Annals of Gunma University School of Health Sciences 20, 103-112.
. Kleinbaum, D.G., Kupper, L.L. & Muller, K.E. (1988). Applied Regression Analysis and Other Multivariable Methods. Boston, MA: PWS-Kent Pub. Co.
. Mitsumoto, H, & Rabkin, J.G. (2007). Palliative care for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: "prepare for the worst and hope for the best". Journal of the American Medical Association 298 (2), 207-216.
. Davison, S.N. & Simpson, C. (2006). Hope and advance care planning in patients with end stage renal disease: qualitative interview study. British Medical Journal 333 (7574), 886.
. Apatira, L., Boyd, E.A., Malvar, G., Evans, L.R., Luce, J.M., Lo, B. & White, D.B. (2008). Hope, truth, and preparing for death: perspectives of surrogate decision makers. Annals of Internal Medicine 149 (12), 861-868.
. Rustoen, T., Wahl, A.K., Hanestad, B.R., Gjengedal, E. & Moum, T. (2004). Expressions of hope in cystic fibrosis patients: a comparison with the general population. Heart & Lung 33 (2), 111-118.
. Rustoen, T., Cooper, B.A. & Miaskowski, C. (2010). The importance of hope as a mediator of psychological distress and life satisfaction in a community sample of cancer patients. Cancer Nursing 33 (4), 258-267.
. Greenberg, C.C., Regenbogen, S.E., Lipsitz, S.R., Diaz-Flores, R. & Gawande, A.A. (2008). The frequency and significance of discrepancies in the surgical count. Annals of Surgery 248 (2), 337-341.
. Shively, E.H., Heine, M.J., Schell, R.H., Sharpe, J.N., Garrison, R.N., Vallance, S.R. & DeSimone, K.J. (2004). Practicing surgeons lead in quality care, safety, and cost control. Annals of Surgery 239 (6), 752-760.
. Shortell, S.M., Zimmerman, J.E., Rousseau, D.M., Gillies, R.P., Wagner, D.P., Draper, E.A., Knaus, W.A. & Duffy, J. (1994). The performance of intensive care units: does good management make a difference? Medical Care 32 (5), 508-525.
. Makary, M.A., Mukherjee, A., Sexton, J.B., Syin, D., Goodrich, E., Hartmann, E., Rowen, L., Behrens, D.C., Marohn, M. & Pronovost, P.J. (2007). Operating room briefings and wrong-site surgery. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 204 (2), 236-243.
. Makary, M.A., Sexton, J.B., Freischlag, J.A., Millman, E.A., Pryor, D., Holzmueller, C. & Pronovost, P.J. (2006). Patient safety in surgery. Annals of Surgery 243 (5), 628-632.
. Mutter, M. (2003). One hospital's journey toward reducing medication errors. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety 29 (6), 279-288.
. Bumpus, L. & al-Assaf, A.F. (2003). Using performance improvement strategies to reduce and prevent medication errors. 1. Journal of Cardiovascular Management 14 (5), 11-15.
. Kazandjian, V.A. (2004). Does appropriate prescribing result in safer care? Quality and Safety in Health Care 13 (1), 9-10.
. O'Neil, A.C., Petersen, L.A., Cook, E.F., Bates, D.W., Lee, T.H. & Brennan, T.A. (1993). Physician reporting compared with medical-record review to identify adverse medical events. Annals of Internal Medicine 119 (5), 370-376.
. Weingart, S.N., Callanan, L.D., Ship, A.N. & Aronson, M.D. (2001). A physician-based voluntary reporting system for adverse events and medical errors. Journal of General Internal Medicine 16 (12), 809-814.