Person Centered Medicine: Core and Diversity

Authors

  • Juan E Mezzich Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University
  • Ihsan M. Salloum Board Director, International College of Person-centered Medicine; Chair, Section on Classification Diagnostic Assessment and Nomenclature, World Psychiatric Association; Professor of Psychiatry, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5750/ijpcm.v5i4.554

Keywords:

Person Centered Medicine, Conceptualization, Principles, Geneva Conferences, International Network, International College, People-centered Care, Specialty and Disciplinary Plurality, Geographic Scope, Cultural Richness, Life Cycles, Clinical Care, Public

Abstract

 In the conceptualization of Person Centered Medicine (PCM) one can recognize core concepts as well as diversity at multiple levels. The core concepts convey vision and depth. Diversity displays plurality, richness and scope. And both are intertwined and articulated through the unfolding process and journey that the construction of PCM represents. This paper briefly elaborates on these complementary perspectives of PCM. And ends introducing a set of papers that illustrate its core and diversity. 

Author Biography

Juan E Mezzich, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University

Born in Lima, Peru, of Yugoslavian and Peruvian ancestries. Medical graduate of Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University and president of the University Student Association.Psychiatric residency training, M.Sc. in Academic Psychiatry, and M.A. and Ph.D. in Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, all at Ohio State University, and diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.Professorial positions in psychiatry, sequentially at Stanford University, California, the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University.Doctor Honoris Causa at Athens University (Greece), Cordoba University (Argentina), Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University (Peru), and Cluj-Napoca University, Timisoara University and Oradea University (Romania). Honorary Professorships at Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University and University of Belgrade (Serbia), World Psychiatric Association Honorary Fellow, Simon Bolivar Award of the American Psychiatric Association, Past-President of the American Society of Hispanic Psychiatry, honorary member/fellow of several national psychiatric associations, and visiting professor and lecturer at academic institutions over 80 countries across all continents.Earlier academic and international work: Secretary & Chair (1983-1996) and Honorary Chair (2008-) of the WPA Section on Classification and Diagnostic Assessment; member of the ICD-10 Work Group and the DSM-IV Task Force; chair of the US National Institute of Mental Health Group on Culture, Diagnosis and Care; consultant on the development of the Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders (3rd Ed.), the Japanese Modification of ICD-10, the Third Cuban Glossary of Psychiatry, and the Latin American Guide for Psychiatric Diagnosis (GLADP); and director of the 1993-2003 WPA International Guidelines for Diagnostic Assessment (IGDA).Author/coauthor of over 280 scientific journal articles and book chapters (including sections on diagnosis,   epidemiology, and culture in Kaplan & Sadock's and Tasman et al’s Textbooks of Psychiatry), and of 26 books and monographs, including Images of Latin American Psychiatry (2013), Coercive Treatment in Psychiatry (2011), Conceptual Bases of Psychiatry for the Person (2011), Conceptual Explorations on Person-centered Medicine (2010), Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects (2009), Cultural Formulation: A Reader for Psychiatric Diagnosis (2008), Psychiatry and Sexual Health: An Integrative Approach (2006), Philosophical & Methodological Bases of Psychiatric Diagnosis (2005), Guía Latinoamericana de Diagnóstico Psiquiátrico (GLADP) (APAL, 2004), WPA International Guidelines for Diagnostic Assessment (IGDA) (2003), Cultural Psychiatry: International Perspectives (2001), Culture and Psychiatric Diagnosis: A DSM-IV Perspective (1996), Psychiatric Epidemiology (1994). Editor, Psychopathology, (2002-2010), Deputy Editor-in-Chief (2010-2011) and Editor in Chief (2013-  ), Int’l J Person Centered Medicine,  and editorial board member of 15 other medical journals in the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Africa.WPA Secretary General (1996-2002), Vice-President and President-Elect (2002-2005), President (2005-2008), and Council Member (2008- ). President (2009-2013) and then Secetary General (2013- ) of the International Network , now International College, of Person-centered Medicine.Current Work: 1) Person-centered Psychiatry and Medicine: Organization of the 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011 Geneva Conferences on Person-centered Medicine, and Conferences in London (2007), Paris (2008), and Uppsala (2008) on Psychiatry for the Person; thematic publication of several monographs and journal editorials & papers, and initiating the International Network for Person-centered Medicine in collaboration with the World Medical Association, the World Health Organization and 25 other international medical and health bodies, 2) International diagnostic systems, particularly ICD-11, Person-centered Integrative Diagnosis, and Latin American Guide for Psychiatric Diagnosis, through monographs, journal papers, and conferences, 3) Culture-informed clinical concepts and procedures, including the Cultural Formulation, the Personal Health Scale, the Multi-ethnic Bicultural Scale, and the Multicultural Quality of Life Index through publications, conferences and research projects.

References

. Mezzich JE, Snaedal J, van Weel C, Heath I (2010): Toward Person-centered Medicine: From disease to patient to person. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine 77: 304-306.

. Cloninger CR, Salloum IM, Mezzich JE (2012): The dynamic origins of positive health and well being. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 2: 179-187.

. Mezzich JE (2007): Psychiatry for the Person: Articulating Medicine’s Science and Humanism. World Psychiatry, 6: 65-67.

. Mezzich JE, Snaedal J, van Weel C, Heath I (2009): The International Network for Person-centered Medicine: Background and First Steps. World Medical Journal 55: 104-107.

. Appleyard J (2013): Introduction to Ethical Standards for Person-centered Health Research. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 3: 258-262.

. Deau X, Appleyard J (2015): Person Centered Medicine as an Ethical Imperative. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 5: 60-63.

. Mezzich JE, Kirisci L, Salloum IM (2015). Technical Report from the Project on Systematically Conceptualizing and Developing Measures to Assess Progress towards Person- and People-centered Care. Technical Report, International College of Person Centered Medicine, New York.

. Heath I (2010): Wonca perspectives on person centered medicine. International Journal of Integrated Care Vol 10: Supplement 10: 10-11.

. Appleyard J (2011): Child-centered medical care. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 1: 460-462.

. Tonelli MR (2013): Person Centered Care in Intensive Care Medicine. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 3: 23-26.

. Snaedal J (2011): Person Centered Medicine for the Older Patient, with Specific Reference to the Person with Dementia. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 1: 53-55.

. Christodoulou GN, Fulford KMW, Mezzich JE (2008): Conceptual bases of Psychiatry for the Person. International Psychiatry 5: 1-3.

. Bartz CC (2010): International Council of Nurses perspectives on person-centered care. International Journal of Integrated Care Vol 10: Supplement 10: 24-26.

. Ghebrehiwet T (2011): Nurses and Person-Centred Care. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 3: 429-432.

. Bamford T (2011): The Team Approach in Person-centred Health Care: The Social Work Perspective. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 1: 23-26.

. Bugnon O, Di Giovanni S, Buchmann M (2012): The pharmacist’s perspective to advance person- and people-centered care. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 2: 129-134.

. Groves J (2011): The International Alliance of Patients’ Organizations’ New Strategic Plan Involving Person Centered Care. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 1: 429-432.

. Wallcraft J, Steffen S, Amering M (2011): Service User and Family Perspectives on Psychiatry for the Person. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 1: 152-154.

. Bras M, Đorđević V, Komnenić N (2014): Person-centered medicine in Croatia: Analyzing past successes and creating future goals. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 4: 14-18.

. Mezzich JE, Montenegro RM (2014): Second International Congress of Person-Centered Medicine. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 4: 257-261.

. Van Dulmen S, Appleyard J (2015): Summary Report of the Third International Congress of Person Centered Medicine and the First International Conference on Primary Care and Public Health, London, 29-31 October 2015. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine 5: 152-155.

. World Health Organization (2009). Resolution WHA62.12. Primary health care, including health system strengthening. In: Sixty-Second World Health Assembly, Geneva, 18–22 May 2009. Resolutions and decisions. Geneva, 2009 (WHA62/2009/REC/1), Page 16.

. International College of Person Centered Medicine (in press): 2015 London Declaration on Person- and People-centered Primary Care and Public Health. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine.

. Hoegh V, Cummings E, Rihai S, Lundbye-Christenses S, Frederiksen K, and Delmar C (in press): A Year in the Life of a Person Recently Diagnosed with Atrial Fibrillation in Denmark. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine.

. Cinar AB (in press): A Health Coaching Person Centered Approach for Healthy Lifestyles. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine.

. Groves J (in press): Person-centred Communications: How do People as Patients Want to Be Spoken to? . International Journal of Person Centered Medicine.

. Kusano Y and Ehrhardt E (in press): The Nursing Profession’s Contribution to Person- and People-Centered Primary Health Care. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine.

. Cichon JL and Salloum IM (in press): Person-centered Yoga Therapeutic Approach for Adult Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). International Journal of Person Centered Medicine.

. Walsh B (in press): Barthes, Heidegger, Deleuze and Guattari, and Derrida’s Postmodern Perspectives on Evidence-based Medicine. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine.

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Published

2015-12-31

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Editorial